It is the first planned attempt to expand the city as a response to the urban and commercial development of Havana with transformations to the present.
Plaza Vieja is located in the area of Old Havana. It was originally called Plaza Nueva. It emerged as an open space in 1559, after the Plaza de Armas and San Francisco, respectively, although there are some authors who point out that it was the second place in Havana. It was residential area of the Creole plutocracy in times of the colony.
In the 18th century the Plaza was converted into a popular market. In 1814 with the birth of the New Market of the Plaza del Cristo, it was renamed Plaza Vieja to differentiate it. The square has also been identified through other names such as Real, Mayor, Mercado, Fernando VII, of the Constitution, Parque Juan Bruno Zayas and Parque Julián Grimau